The 4 Types of Resumes You Need to Know

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When you’re looking to find work, whether it’s your first job out of college or you’re finally making the jump to working independently after years of grinding away in an office, you have to make sure that you’re using the right resume format and that your resume content has all the right information on it. But which formats are the most useful? Which type of resume do you need to be able to get the job you want? Let’s take a look at the four main types of resumes you need to know about and why they’re important.

1. Chronological Resumes

image of a sample chronological resume

Chronological resumes are the most common type of resume. And list your work experience in reverse chronological order, starting with your current or most recent job. This type of resume is a good choice if you have a steady work history with no major gaps.

This type of resume is also a good choice if you’ve been in your industry for a long time. Since it allows you to emphasize the length of service. This can give hiring managers confidence that you’re qualified for senior roles.

If you have a longer work history, it’s often a good idea to include an overview section at the top of your resume. Since you can briefly outline your career path and major accomplishments. This section can help to hire managers quickly get a sense of what’s most relevant in their experience. If you have only a few years of experience or if you’ve taken time off between jobs. Keep in mind that hiring managers will likely spend less time reviewing your resume. Because if they feel there aren’t many relevant details inside it, then they will ignore it.

Whether you choose chronologically or not, remember that each resume style has its benefits and disadvantages. So consider which format is best for your situation.

2. Functional Resumes

image of a sample functional resume

A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on your chronological work history. This type of resume is a good choice if you have gaps in your employment history or if you are changing careers.

The goal of a functional resume is to demonstrate how your skills and experience meet employers’ needs. Since they don’t present information in chronological order. These resumes are easy to scan, and they highlight skills that recruiters often look for. Such as leadership and problem-solving abilities.

Though most resumes start with a standard objective statement, a functional resume might not include one. Because it isn’t necessarily aimed at a specific position or industry. One potential downside is that hiring managers who aren’t familiar with functional resumes may find them hard to read. Since they typically don’t list dates or titles directly under each job title.

3. Hybrid/Combination Resumes

image of Hybrid/Combination Resumes

Combination resumes are a mix of chronological and functional formats. It lists your skills and qualifications first, followed by your work history in reverse chronological order. This type of resume is good for people with a lot of experience in various jobs. Who want to highlight their skills rather than their employment history.

A combination resume may be right for you if you’re making a career change or are transitioning between careers. Also for people who are applying for jobs that require skills unrelated to their work history. Use it with job listings that call for a specific skill set, such as in technology fields. Keep in mind that even if it’s required by a hiring manager or recruiter. Many experts and hiring managers to consider a combination resume too lengthy and instead suggest using an adjusted chronological format.

This type of resume can also make it more difficult for hiring managers to compare your experience because your skills may appear before your previous employment. Finally, always keep in mind that whatever structure you choose should fit the job listing and be appropriate for your career level.

4. Targeted Resumes

Targeted resumes are focused on a specific job or career area. This type of resume highlights your relevant skills and experiences. And is a good choice if you have plenty of work experience in the field you want to enter.

This resume also gives you a good way to break into a new career or industry. If you’re switching from one field or profession to another. It’s a way for employers in your target field to see that you have skills and experience relevant to their industry.

If you’re just getting started in your career, and have no relevant work experience or if you’re re-entering a field after an extended absence, then a targeted resume is often a good choice. A targeted resume allows you to highlight any transferable skills you may have gained through volunteer work, training courses, or hobbies.

One drawback is that a targeted resume can be hard to update once you get started in your career. You’ll need to develop a whole new resume once you get into a position where your work experience is relevant and extensive enough to highlight in your resume.

Parting Thoughts

When it comes to resumes, there is no one-size-fits-all solution. The best way to determine which type of resume is right for you is to assess your career goals and objectives. If you’re looking for a new job, you’ll want to use a chronological resume. And if you’re aiming for a promotion or a raise, however, a functional resume may be a better option.

Also if you have gaps in your employment history, a combination resume can help mask those gaps. And if you’re making a major career change, a targeted resume can help highlight your transferable skills. Whichever type of resume you choose, make sure it’s tailored to your specific needs and that it includes the most relevant information about your qualifications and experience.

While there are several different types of resumes, one thing they all have in common is that they must be consistent with how your potential employer likes to see resumes. It’s also important not to spend too much time on your resume. The average hiring manager spends just six seconds looking at a resume before deciding whether or not it merits further review.

If you have a high-demand skill set and relevant experience, however, you’ll want a resume that clearly states what you can do for your potential employer and why he or she should invest valuable time reviewing your application. When crafting your resume, keep these four points in mind so you can create an effective document that will highlight your strengths and give you an edge over other candidates in the process.


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